Two-Spirit, Trans, Indigiqueer, and Indigenous LGBTQIAA+
Sexual and gender diversity has always existed in Indigenous communities. It is due to the impacts of colonization and residential schools that ideas around gender diversity shifted. Two-Spirit, Indigiqueer and Indigenous trans and gender diverse folks across Turtle Island are reclaiming their identities and cultivating and nurturing safe spaces for their 2SLGBTQIAA+ peers. Queerness is sacred. Two-Spirit is sacred.
A Two-Spirit Journey: The Autobiography Of A Lesbian Ojibwa-Cree Elder. Ma-Nee Chacaby & Mary Louisa Plummer, 2016.
Queer Indigenous Studies: Critical Interventions in Theory, Politics, and Literature (First Peoples: New Directions in Indigenous Studies). Driskill et al, 2011.
Spaces between us: Queer settler colonialism and Indigenous decolonization. Scott Lauria Morgensen, 2011.
Spirit and the Flesh: Sexual Diversity in American Indian Culture. Walter L. Williams, 1992.
Two-Spirit People: Native American Gender Identity, Sexuality, and Spirituality. Jacobs, Thomas & Lang, 1997.
The Zuni Man-Woman. Will Roscoe, 1992.
Wabanaki Two Spirit Alliance
The Wabanaki Two Spirit Alliance (W2SA) is a group of volunteers, researchers, academics, knowledge holders, youth and Elder Wabanaki Two-Spirits and Allies. The mission of W2SA is to represent the emotional, spiritual, mental, and physical well-being and interests of Two Spirits and Indigenous LGBTQ+ individuals and groups in Wabanaki Territory (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland/Labrador, Gaspé region of Quebec, and Maine (northern areas in Passamaquoddy and Penobscot Tribal territories) based on their beliefs and values in the framework within the Peace and Friendship Treaty. W2SA is strives to provide equitable and safe environments for Two Spirits and Indigenous LGBTQ+ folks to live and thrive spiritually, mentally, physically and emotionally within Wabanaki territory.
Horizon Indigenous Health Program
Horizon Health provides Indigenous folks with access to Indigenous Patient Navigators (IPNs) and sacred medicines. IPNs help foster a safer experience for Indigenous patients in Horizon facilities. For more information or to receive support from one of Horizon’s IPNs, please email